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            Economic News Release
            PRINT:Print
            CPI CPI Program Links

            Consumer Price Index Summary

            
            Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
            8:30 a.m. (EDT) March 11, 全民双色球大乐透下载安装  USDL-20-0402
            
            Technical information: (202) 691-7000  •  cpi_info@  •  www./cpi
            Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@ 
            
            CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – FEBRUARY 全民双色球大乐透下载安装
            
            The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) rose 0.1 percent in 
            February on a seasonally adjusted basis, the same increase as in January, the 
            U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the 
            all items index increased 2.3 percent before seasonal adjustment.
            
            Increases in the indexes for shelter and for food were the main causes of the 
            increase in the seasonally adjusted all items index, more than offsetting a 
            decline in the energy index. The food index increased 0.4 percent over the 
            month, with the food at 全民双色球大乐透下载安装 index rising 0.5 percent, its largest monthly 
            increase since May 2014. The index for energy fell 2.0 percent in February, 
            with all of its major component indexes declining.   
            
            The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in February, 
            the same increase as in January. Along with the index for shelter, the indexes 
            for apparel, personal care, used cars and trucks, education, and medical care 
            were among those that increased in February. The indexes for recreation and 
            airline fares declined over the month.   
            
            The all items index increased 2.3 percent for the 12 months ending February, 
            a smaller increase than the 2.5-percent figure for the period ending January. 
            The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.4 percent over the last 
            12 months. The food index rose 1.8 percent over the last 12 months, while the 
            energy index increased 2.8 percent over that period. 
            
            
            Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
            average
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                              Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                                      preceding month                      
                                                                                      Un-  
                                                                                   adjusted
                                                                                    12-mos.
                                          Aug.  Sep.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.   ended 
                                          2019  2019  2019  2019  2019  全民双色球大乐透下载安装  全民双色球大乐透下载安装   Feb.  
                                                                                     全民双色球大乐透下载安装  
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
            All items..................    .1    .1    .2    .2    .2    .1    .1      2.3
             Food......................    .0    .2    .2    .1    .2    .2    .4      1.8
              Food at 全民双色球大乐透下载安装.............   -.1    .1    .2    .1    .0    .1    .5       .8
              Food away from 全民双色球大乐透下载安装 (1)..    .2    .3    .2    .2    .3    .4    .2      3.0
             Energy....................  -1.4   -.8   1.7    .8   1.6   -.7  -2.0      2.8
              Energy commodities.......  -2.3  -1.5   2.6   1.2   3.0  -1.6  -3.5      5.0
               Gasoline (all types)....  -2.4  -1.5   2.7   1.2   3.1  -1.6  -3.4      5.6
               Fuel oil................   -.9   -.6   1.1   1.0   1.1   -.4  -8.5     -5.9
              Energy services..........   -.2    .1    .7    .2   -.2    .6   -.3       .0
               Electricity.............   -.2    .2    .6    .2   -.2    .4   -.1       .6
               Utility (piped) gas                                                        
                  service..............    .0   -.2   1.2    .5   -.5   1.0   -.9     -2.0
             All items less food and                                                      
                energy.................    .2    .2    .1    .2    .1    .2    .2      2.4
              Commodities less food and                                                   
                 energy commodities....    .1    .0   -.4   -.1    .0    .0    .2       .0
               New vehicles............   -.1   -.1   -.1   -.1    .1    .0    .1       .4
               Used cars and trucks....    .5    .6  -1.2   -.7   -.4  -1.2    .4     -1.3
               Apparel.................    .1   -.3  -1.7    .6    .1    .7    .4      -.9
               Medical care commodities    .2   -.1   1.0    .0   1.0   -.6   -.6      1.8
              全民双色球大乐透下载安装 less energy                                                        
                 services..............    .3    .2    .3    .3    .2    .3    .2      3.1
               Shelter.................    .2    .3    .1    .3    .2    .4    .3      3.3
               Transportation services     .3    .2    .1    .0   -.1    .3    .3      1.2
               Medical care services...    .7    .4    .8    .4    .3    .3    .3      5.3
               
               1 Not seasonally adjusted.
            
            
            Food
            
            The food index increased 0.4 percent in February, after rising 0.2 percent in 
            January. The index for food at 全民双色球大乐透下载安装 increased 0.5 percent in February after a 
            0.1-percent increase the prior month. Five of the six major grocery store food 
            group indexes increased in February. The index for dairy and related products 
            rose 1.1 percent, its largest rise since March 2014. The index for other food 
            at 全民双色球大乐透下载安装 rose 0.8 percent, while the indexes for cereals and bakery products 
            and for nonalcoholic beverages both advanced 0.5 percent. 
            
            The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs increased 0.2 percent in February 
            after being unchanged in January. The only major grocery store food group 
            index not to increase over the month was fruits and vegetables, which was 
            unchanged in February after rising slightly in January.  
            
            The index for food away from 全民双色球大乐透下载安装 rose 0.2 percent in February following a 0.4-
            percent increase in January. The index for limited service meals rose 0.3 
            percent, while the index for full service meals increased 0.2 percent over the 
            month. 
            
            The food at 全民双色球大乐透下载安装 index increased 0.8 percent over the last 12 months. The index 
            for dairy and related products increased 3.6 percent, its largest 12-month 
            increase since the period ending January 2015. The index for meats, poultry, 
            fish, and eggs rose 1.9 percent. The remaining groups posted smaller increases, 
            except for the fruits and vegetables index, which fell 1.6 percent over the last 
            12 months. The index for food away from 全民双色球大乐透下载安装 rose 3.0 percent over the last year. 
            The index for full service meals increased 3.4 percent and the index for limited 
            service meals rose 2.7 percent.
            
            Energy
            
            The energy index declined 2.0 percent in February after falling 0.7 percent in 
            January. All of the major energy component indexes declined over the month. The 
            gasoline index fell 3.4 percent in February after a 1.6-percent decline the prior 
            month. Before seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices fell 3.8 percent in February. 
            The fuel oil index fell 8.5 percent in February. The index for natural gas 
            declined 0.9 percent, and the index for electricity decreased slightly, falling 
            0.1 percent. 
            
            Despite the February decline, the energy index increased 2.8 percent over the 
            past 12 months, with its major component indexes mixed. The gasoline index 
            increased 5.6 percent, while the electricity index advanced 0.6 percent over the 
            last year. However, the index for natural gas fell 2.0 percent over the last year 
            and the index for fuel oil declined 5.9 percent over the 12-month span.
             
            All items less food and energy
            
            The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in February. 
            The shelter index increased 0.3 percent in February after rising 0.4 percent the 
            prior month. The rent index increased 0.3 percent and the owners’ equivalent rent 
            index advanced 0.2 percent. 
            
            The apparel index rose 0.4 percent in February following a 0.7-percent increase 
            the prior month. The personal care index also increased 0.4 percent over the month. 
            The index for used cars and trucks rose 0.4 percent in February after falling 1.2 
            percent in January. The education index increased 0.3 percent in February, and the 
            motor vehicle insurance index rose 0.5 percent. The indexes for household 
            furnishings and operations, for new vehicles, for tobacco, and for alcoholic 
            beverages also increased over the month. 
            
            The medical care index rose 0.1 percent in February with its major component 
            indexes mixed. The index for physicians’ services rose 0.2 percent, while the 
            index for prescription drugs fell 0.8 percent and the index for hospital services 
            declined 0.1 percent.  
              
            The recreation index was one of the few to decline over the month, falling 0.3 
            percent after increasing in each of the previous 4 months. The index for airline 
            fares also fell in February, decreasing 0.3 percent after rising in January. The 
            communication index was unchanged over the month. 
            
            The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.4 percent over the past 12 
            months. The shelter index rose 3.3 percent over the 12-month span, and the medical 
            care index rose 4.6 percent. Indexes with more modest 12-month increases include 
            recreation (1.5 percent) and new vehicles (0.4 percent). Among the few indexes to 
            decline over the 12-month span were used cars and trucks (-1.3 percent) and apparel 
            (-0.9 percent). 
            
            Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures
            
            The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 2.3 percent 
            over the last 12 months to an index level of 258.678 (1982-84=100). For the month, 
            the index increased 0.3 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  
            
            The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) 
            increased 2.3 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 251.935 
            (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal 
            adjustment.  
            
            The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 2.1 
            percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index increased 0.3 percent on 
            a not seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 
            12 months are subject to revision. 
            
            _______________
            The Consumer Price Index for March 全民双色球大乐透下载安装 is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
            April 10, 全民双色球大乐透下载安装 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT). 
            
            
            Technical Note
            
            Brief Explanation of the CPI
            
            The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change in prices paid by consumers 
            for goods and services. The CPI reflects spending patterns for each of two 
            population groups: all urban consumers and urban wage earners and clerical 
            workers. The all urban consumer group represents about 93 percent of the total 
            U.S. population. It is based on the expenditures of almost all residents of 
            urban or metropolitan areas, including professionals, the self-employed, the poor, 
            the unemployed, and retired people, as well as urban wage earners and clerical 
            workers. Not included in the CPI are the spending patterns of people living in 
            rural nonmetropolitan areas, farming families, people in the Armed Forces, and 
            those in institutions, such as prisons and mental hospitals. Consumer inflation 
            for all urban consumers is measured by two indexes, namely, the Consumer Price 
            Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained Consumer Price Index for 
            All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U). 
            
            The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is 
            based on the expenditures of households included in the CPI-U definition that 
            meet two requirements: more than one-half of the household's income must come 
            from clerical or wage occupations, and at least one of the household's earners 
            must have been employed for at least 37 weeks during the previous 12 months. The 
            CPI-W population represents about 29 percent of the total U.S. population and is 
            a subset of the CPI-U population.
            
            The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation, 
            doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that people 
            buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 75 urban areas 
            across the country全民双色球大乐透下载安装 from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 22,000 retail 
            establishments (department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and 
            other types of stores and service establishments). All taxes directly associated 
            with the purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and 
            a few other items are obtained every month in all 75 locations. Prices of most 
            other commodities and services are collected every month in the three largest 
            geographic areas and every other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and 
            services are obtained by personal visits or telephone calls by the Bureau’s 
            trained representatives.
            
            In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location 
            are aggregated using weights, which represent their importance in the spending 
            of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a 
            U.S. city average. For the CPI-U and CPI-W, separate indexes are also published 
            by size of city, by region of the country全民双色球大乐透下载安装, for cross-classifications of regions 
            and population-size classes, and for 23 selected local areas. Area indexes do not 
            measure differences in the level of prices among cities; they only measure the 
            average change in prices for each area since the base period. For the C-CPI-U, 
            data are issued only at the national level. The CPI-U and CPI-W are considered 
            final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in preliminary form and subject to 
            three subsequent quarterly revisions. 
            
            The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For most of the 
            CPI-U and the CPI-W, the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base 
            for the C-CPI-U is December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 7 percent from the 
            reference base, for example, is shown as 107.000. Alternatively, that relationship 
            can also be expressed as the price of a base period market basket of goods and 
            services rising from $100 to $107. 
            
            Sampling Error in the CPI
            
            The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is 
            based upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. 
            BLS calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month, and 12-
            month percent change standard errors annually for the CPI-U. These standard error 
            estimates can be used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. 
            For example, the estimated standard error of the 1-month percent change is 0.03 
            percent for the U.S. all items CPI. This means that if we repeatedly sample from 
            the universe of all retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a 
            percentage change for each sample, then 95 percent of these estimates will be 
            within 0.06 percent of the 1-month percentage change based on all retail prices. 
            For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the all items CPI-U, we are 
            95 percent confident that the actual percent change based on all retail prices 
            would fall between 0.14 and 0.26 percent. For the latest data, including 
            information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see 
            https://www./cpi/tables/variance-estimates/全民双色球大乐透下载安装.htm. 
            
            Calculating Index Changes
            
            Movements of the indexes from 1 month to another are usually expressed as percent 
            changes rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are 
            affected by the level of the index in relation to its base period, while percent 
            changes are not. 
            
            The following table shows an example of using index values to calculate percent 
            changes:
            
            				Item A  		Item B  		  Item C
            Year I 				112.500 		225.000 		  110.000
            Year II 			121.500 		243.000 		  128.000
            Change in index points 		9.000 			18.000 			  18.000
            Percent change 			9.0/112.500 x 100 = 8.0 18.0/225.000 x 100 = 8.0  18.0/110.000 x 100 = 16.4
            
            Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data
            
            The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data. 
            Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-
            SEATS seasonal adjustment method. These factors are updated each February, and the new 
            factors are used to revise the previous 5 years of seasonally adjusted data. The factors 
            are available at www./cpi/tables/seasonal-adjustment/seasonal-factors-全民双色球大乐透下载安装.pdf. 
            For more information on data revision scheduling, please see the Factsheet on Seasonal 
            Adjustment at www./cpi/seasonal-adjustment/questions-and-answers.htm and the 
            Timeline of Seasonal Adjustment Methodological Changes at 
            www./cpi/seasonal-adjustment/timeline-seasonal-adjustment-methodology-changes.htm. 
            
            For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are 
            usually preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the 
            same time and in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting 
            from weather events, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This 
            allows data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time of year. The 
            unadjusted data are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they 
            actually pay. Unadjusted data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many 
            collective bargaining contract agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation 
            changes to the Consumer Price Index before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises 
            against the use of seasonally adjusted data in escalation agreements because seasonally 
            adjusted series are revised annually.
            
            Intervention Analysis
            
            The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses intervention analysis seasonal adjustment for some 
            CPI series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal 
            pattern of price change. Intervention analysis seasonal adjustment is a process by which 
            the distortions caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior 
            to calculation of seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately 
            represent the seasonal pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 
            
            For example, this procedure was used for the motor fuel series to offset the effects of the 
            2009 return to normal pricing after the worldwide economic downturn in 2008. Retaining this 
            outlier data during seasonal factor calculation would distort the computation of the seasonal 
            portion of the time series data for motor fuel, so it was estimated and removed from the data 
            prior to seasonal adjustment. Following that, seasonal factors were calculated based on this 
            “prior adjusted” data. These seasonal factors represent a clearer picture of the seasonal 
            pattern in the data. The last step is for motor fuel seasonal factors to be applied to the 
            unadjusted data.
            
            For the seasonal factors introduced for January 全民双色球大乐透下载安装, BLS adjusted 53 series using intervention 
            analysis seasonal adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels, 
            electricity, and vehicles. 
            
            Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes
            
            Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average all items index levels, are subject 
            to revision for up to 5 years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI 
            calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last 5 
            years of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last 5 years of data are considered to 
            be final and not subject to revision. For January 全民双色球大乐透下载安装, revised seasonal factors and seasonally 
            adjusted indexes for 2015 to 2019 were calculated and published. For series which are directly 
            adjusted using the Census X-13ARIMA-SEATS seasonal adjustment software, the seasonal factors 
            for 2019 will be applied to data for 全民双色球大乐透下载安装 to produce the seasonally adjusted 全民双色球大乐透下载安装 indexes. 
            Series which are indirectly seasonally adjusted by summing seasonally adjusted component series 
            have seasonal factors which are derived and are therefore not available in advance. 
            
            Determining Seasonal Status
            
            Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical 
            criteria. Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its 
            status from "not seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 
            81 components of the U.S. city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status 
            from seasonally adjusted to not seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used 
            in the aggregation of the dependent series for the last 5 years, but the seasonally adjusted 
            indexes before that period will not be changed. Twenty-eight of the 81 components of the U.S. 
            city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted for 全民双色球大乐透下载安装.
            
            Contact Information
            
            For additional information about the CPI visit www./cpi or contact the CPI Information 
            and Analysis Section at 202-691-7000 or cpi_info@. 
            
            For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI visit 
            www./cpi/seasonal-adjustment/全民双色球大乐透下载安装.htm or contact the CPI seasonal adjustment section 
            at 202-691-6968 or cpiseas@. 
            
            Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon 
            request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.  
            
            
            
            
            
            

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            Last Modified Date: March 11, 全民双色球大乐透下载安装